In winter, Italy has the full programme: from frosty and icy in the Alps to mild and dry in the deepest south. Because of the energy crisis, Italy has issued a new heating decree. In the winter of 2022, less heating is to be used.
Due to the great climatic differences, the heating periods in Italy are determined regionally. People are allowed to heat the least in zone A, the most in zone F. The new heating decree now stipulates that the general heating period is 15 days shorter this winter. In addition, people are allowed to heat one hour less per day.
The permitted room temperature in winter has also been reduced by one degree. The room temperature should not exceed 19 degrees Celsius in the cold months. This applies to private individuals as well as to businesses or authorities. A tolerance of two degrees plus or minus is allowed.
Centralised heating systems, such as in high-rise buildings or apartment buildings, are usually set according to the specifications. In the case of autonomous heating systems, the users must take care of this themselves. However, inspections may only take place in business premises. If you are caught wasting energy, you will be fined between 516 and 2,582 euros (Article 132 of the "Testo Unico dell'Edilizia").
This is how you are allowed to heat in Italy's zones
With the exception of the coldest zone F, people in all zones are only allowed to heat between 5am and 11pm. At night, heating must stay off in most of Italy during the winter. Exceptions apply to facilities such as hospitals, retirement homes, medical facilities, schools, swimming pools and kindergartens.
>>> In Zone A, heating is also permitted between 8 December 2022 and 23 March 2023. Here, however, only for a maximum of five hours per day.
The warmest and mildest areas in Italy: these include the islands of Linosa and Lampedusa off Sicily and Porto Empedocle in the southwest of Sicily.
>>> In Zone B, heating is allowed between 8 December 2022 and 23 March 2023 for a maximum of seven hours per day (one hour less than in the previous year).
The second warmest zone in Italy in winter includes the Sicilian provinces of Agrigento, Catania, Messina, Palermo, Siracusa and Trapani, as well as the Calabrian province of Reggio Calabria and Crotone.
>>> In Italy's Zone C, heating is only allowed in winter between 22 November 2022 and 23 March 2023 - and for a maximum of nine hours a day.
Temperate zone C includes parts of Puglia, Campania, Sardinia, Liguria, Lazio and Calabria. This includes the provinces of Bari, Brindisi, Lecce and Taranto (Puglia), the provinces of Catanzaro and Cosenza (Calabria), the provinces of Benevento, Caserta, Naples and Salerno (Campania), the provinces of Latina (Lazio) and Imperia (Liguria) Cagliari, the provinces of Oristano and Sassari (Sardinia) and Ragusa (Sicily).
>>> Heating is permitted in Zone D from 8 November 2022 and until 7 April 2023. The heaters may run for a maximum of eleven hours per day.
These include the provinces of Ancona, Ascoli Piceno and Macerata (Marche), Avellino (Campania), Caltanissetta (Sicily), the provinces of Chieti, Pescaro, Pescara, Teramo (Abruzzo), Foggia (Puglia) and Forlì (Emilia-Romagna), the provinces of Florence, Grosseto, Livorno, Lucca, Massa Carrara, Pisa, Pistoia, Prato and Siena (Tuscany), the provinces of Genoa (Liguria), Isernia (Molise), Matera (Basilicata), Nuoro (Sardinia) and the provinces of Rome, Viterbo (Lazio), Terni (Umbria) and Vibo Valentia (Calabria).
>>> Heating has been allowed here for a maximum of 13 hours per day since 22 October. The heating period ends in this Italian zone on 7 April.
One of the coldest areas of Italy in winter is Zone E. This includes the provinces of Alessandria, Asti, Biella, Novara, Turin, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Vercelli (Piedmont), Aosta, Arezzo (Tuscany), Bergamo, Brescia, parts of Como, Cremona, Lecco, Lodi, Milan, Pavia, Sondrio, Varese (Lombardy), Bologna, Ferrara, Modena, Parma, Piacenza, Reggio Emilia, Rimini (Emilia-Romagna), Bolzano (South Tyrol).
Zone E also includes the provinces of Campobasso (Molise), Enna (Sicily), Frosinone, Rieti (Lazio), Gorizia, Pordenone and Trieste, as well as the provinces of Udine (Friuli Venezia Giulia), L'Aquila (Abruzzo), Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona, Vicenza (Veneto), Perugia (Umbria) and the province of Potenza (Basilicata).
>>> The coldest region in Italy: Here there are no restrictions on heating. Heating is always allowed and unlimited when needed.
Zone A includes the Alps in northern Italy and the areas around the Province of Trento (Trentino-Alto Adige), Belluno (Veneto) and areas of the Province of Como (Lombardy).
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written by Annie Kayser, first published on 26 November 2022
Cover image - collage: Nina Malyna via canva.com